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CNC Sheet Metal Bending In Sheet Metal Fabrication

Views:1     Author:Site Editor     Publish Time: 2017-11-06      Origin:Site

Sheet metal bending fabrication is a great way to create durable, end-use parts. After a piece of sheet metal has been cut, brakes are used to bend material into a part’s geometry. Bending is one of the truly skilled operations performed by a producer of custom sheet metal fabrications is CNC Press Brake Forming, so understanding how it works is critical for designing your parts. 

Modern press brakes are controlled by powerful CNC computer systems and require computer skills in addition to in-depth knowledge of the physics of how metal bends.  CNC press brakes either have a fixed bottom bed with the V block tooling clamped in place and a top beam which travels under force with the V blade tools this is known as down forming.  The opposite is an up forming machine with the bottom bend moving and the top beam fixed.  Both process methods will produce the same sheet metal components and there are no restrictions to the design of your component to suit either machine.CNC press brake.jpg

We have down forming CNC press brakes and up forming CNC press brakes. The CNC press brake is basically programmed to accept the sheet metal component flat blank at a given distance which is defined by the programmable back stop, the point where the bend will be formed.  The distance that the programmable V blade enters into the V block will define the angle achieved of the final bend, the further the V blade enters the V block the tighter the final V bend will be.  The final component can be a combination of different bend lengths and angles generated by the CNC program positioning the sheet metal component blank at defined positions and programmed angles.

In addition to the machine itself, tooling quality and tool selection is paramount in producing high quality work.  When MWG made the CNC press brake investment, we also dedicated resources to precision tooling specified for individual machines.  Bottom die width and nose radius are just examples of tooling selection parameters.  Things can get really fun when special tooling like goose neck tools are utilized.

The maximum length of the sheet metal component that can be bent up is obviously defined by the length of the CNC press brake bed but the thickness of material is a function of the material tensile strength and the amount of tonnage available from the machine to form the sheet metal.  The larger the bottom V block opening the greater the sheet metal gauge can that can be bent for the same tonnage.  But, as the V block opening is increased so does the internal radius of the bend on the sheet metal work.

A range of standard CNC press brake tooling shown in our plant which can act as a guide to the basic limitations on bend size for different sheet material thicknesses. We have a growing section of case studies within the website which illustrate these design ideas and enable you to fully benefit from the versatility of CNC bending, please take a look to learn more or give us a call if you want to discuss further your particular sheet metal work design needs. Look forward to hearing from you. Contact us.


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